I am interested in how social boundaries intertwine with political development and institutional change. I am curious about how political communities are made and maintained, about initiatives to change political institutions, and about conflicts over the “right” allocation of rights and rewards for political membership. What and whose interests and values are at stake? How are these interests and values institutionalized? What catalyzes institutional change, and how does this change happen? I am most interested in how these phenomena affect group-based inequality. My research explores these questions in two broad areas: exclusion of minority groups and political competition.